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Cyano

Posted 03/04/2014 at 10:17 AM by Sk8r

CYANO: how to fix it.
Cyanobacteria AKA cyano is not an algae. It's a bacterial sheet. It's red or brown (according to your lighting) and it has oxygen bubbles in it. This stuff is ancient and ubiquitous (everywhere). It gave Earth its oxygen after the Permian Extinction (before the rock that got the dinos). It is the foundation of the photosynthesis of all green plants.

So forget trying to avoid it. It's probably in every house and pond on the planet.

Every...
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Bullet-proof set-up procedure: introduction of CUC and fish

Posted 03/03/2014 at 11:11 AM by Sk8r

Snails first for four weeks, then fish: bullet-proof set-up.
There's this notion that's gotten started that the goal line for finishing the cycle is to drop a fish in.

I recommend you get your fish, yes, but put him in a quarantine tank.
At the same time, get a handful of micro hermits (scarlets are my favorite) and appropriate snails and put THEM into your main tank. And get your refugium (fuge) going if you're going to set one up.

Have your lights and...
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How often to test

Posted 03/03/2014 at 11:10 AM by Sk8r

How often to test: informational.
I admit I'm compulsive.

But first of all, I want a test that doesn't go 'green' or 'sorta green yellow.' I want numbers. I want exact numbers.

I recommend a logbook, especially for beginners. In this you write down the date and every test result. This becomes a valuable record over time. You can look back over a year and see changes. You can hand the book to a tanksitter you've taught to test, and say: run these tests---if the...
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Does QT stress a fish?

Posted 03/03/2014 at 11:09 AM by Sk8r

Does QT stress a fish? Informational.
Putting a fish into a tank with sand and rock---vs putting them into a bare glass qt.

Does it bother them?

Not as much as you'd think. What are a fish's priorities?
1. a place to hide that's not *owned* by someone who's going to kill him.
2. a place that's fairly dimly lit.
3. being able to breathe for a while without being chased
4. a place generally free of politics and bigger fish...remember...
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Detective work: chain of events you won't believe

Posted 03/03/2014 at 11:04 AM by Sk8r

DETECTIVE WORK: chain reactions you'd never believe...
1. case one: fish turns up with red mark on side. Disease suspected.
A: possibly so, but in one case of this, the red mark was from a pistol shrimp. How detected? The wounded fish dens in burrows and low in the rocks at night. More than one fish turned up like this. Fatally so. Removing the pistol shrimp prevented further cases.

2. case two: another red mark, but no pistol present.
A: The offender turned out...
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